Published inwards the British Medical Journal, the report weighed together with measured the liberate energy content of meals served yesteryear restaurants inwards Brazil, China, Finland, Republic of Ghana together with India.
The results showed that 94% of the nigh pop principal dishes served inwards sit-down restaurants together with 72% of those purchased over the counter from fast nutrient outlets contained to a greater extent than than 600 kilocalories (kcal), the benchmark late recommended yesteryear the United Kingdom's National Health Service (NHS) to assist trim the global obesity epidemic.
The researchers industrial plant life a pregnant correlation betwixt repast weight together with liberate energy content. They concluded that some pop meals were both far larger together with to a greater extent than caloric than necessary.
Examples include Brazil's traditional rice, beans, chicken, cassava together with salad alongside a breadstuff whorl (841 g together with 1,656 kcal); Ghana's classic fufu, caprine animal together with soup (1,105 g together with 1,151 kcal); together with India's pop mutton biryani (1,012 g together with 1,463 kcal).
"Obesity is a basis wellness occupation caused yesteryear several factors, such every bit sedentary living, processed nutrient together with refined saccharify intake, together with overeating. Many people may confuse nutrient craving alongside hunger. This report shows that whatever strategy to fight obesity should also regard these excesses," said Vivian Suen, a professor inwards the Department of Clinical Medicine at the University of São Paulo's Ribeirão Preto Medical School (FMRP-USP), who is a coauthor of the article.
The World Health Organization (WHO) considers obesity a global epidemic together with a major jeopardy element for see disease, stroke together with diabetes, amidst other diseases. It estimates that 1.9 billion adults are overweight together with 600 1 M m are obese worldwide.
According to the study, the selected eating seat together with fast nutrient meals supplied betwixt 70% together with 120% of the daily liberate energy required yesteryear a sedentary adult woman - around 2,000 kcal - except inwards China, where the liberate energy content of the nigh pop meals was significantly lower.
"The report did non receive got into occupation organisation human relationship the vogue of grooming or the nutritional composition of the meals analyzed. The fact is that many people who patronize these restaurants are overeating," Suen said.
The researchers measured the liberate energy content of a representative sample of 223 pop meals purchased from 111 randomly selected sit-down restaurants together with fast nutrient outlets located inwards the next 5 cities: Ribeirão Preto (Brazil), Beijing (China), Kuopio (Finland), Accra (Ghana) together with Bangalore (India).
They compared these findings alongside information from restaurants inwards Boston (USA) extracted from previous studies yesteryear Tufts University. The restaurants together with fast nutrient outlets were located inside an surface area of 25 foursquare kilometers about each participating query center.
"The findings refute 2 widely held ideas. We're non but eating the incorrect foods but also overeating, together with inwards damage of calories, a repast considered good for yous may often increase the organism's liberate energy ease together with so add together to a greater extent than weight than a fast nutrient meal," Suen said.
The results showed that the liberate energy content of a fast nutrient meals was lower on average (809 kcal) than that of a sit-down eating seat repast (1,317 kcal). However, the report was far from beingness a defense strength of fast nutrient outlets.
"It tin laissez passer on the sack live on taken every bit a alert that piece we're focusing on fast nutrient together with campaigns to encourage good for yous eating, all of which is positive together with necessary, we're overlooking of import factors such every bit the sheer sum of nutrient nosotros eat, which tin laissez passer on the sack also receive got a major affect on global obesity," Suen said.
Oversized portions also receive got an resultant on the so-called compensation mechanism, Suen explained.
"When nonobese people receive got a large midday meal, they usually experience less hungry inwards the even out together with swallow less for dinner, for example," she said. "However, obese people appear non to receive got this perception, every bit has been industrial plant life inwards several studies yesteryear the query grouping at Tufts University. Therefore, this rule inwards damage of eating less inwards the side yesteryear side repast doesn't direct house inwards obese individuals."
Another occupation alongside obesity is the organism's resistance to weight loss.
"There are countless diets - depression carb, high protein, depression fat, together with together with so on - but which is best for weight loss? No 1 really knows. What matters inwards the long term is full liberate energy content inwards damage of calories.
Food lineament is also important, of course. Eating low-quality carbohydrates such every bit saturated fatty or large amounts of refined saccharify contributes to diseases associated alongside excessive intake of these products. Weight range is associated alongside excessive calorie intake," Suen said.